Prostatitis affects the prostate gland — glandular-muscular organ located in the pelvic area of the male part of the population.
According to statistics prostatitis suffer approximately 50 % of men older than 50 years.
The prostate is responsible for producing a special secretion, which, uniting with the sperm, helps to hold the activity and viability of sperm.
If prostatitis is diagnosed in the prostate gland inflammatory process caused by being hit on the infectious antigen. Inflamed prostate disrupts the whole urogenital system of men and is characterized by some specific symptoms. To avoid complications, you need time to heal prostatitis with medication and also some folk remedies at home.
Causes of prostatitis
The root cause of prostatitis is infection. As a rule, the inflammation can cause different kinds of bacteria: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella, Enterobacter. All these microorganisms are present in the microflora of a healthy person, but any decrease in immunity, their number is pathologically increased and leads to inflammatory processes. Precipitating factor can also be a sedentary lifestyle, bad habits, irregular sexual life.
Also to the emergence of prostatitis can cause any urinary or venereal infection. We are talking about trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other diseases. A similar phenomenon happens for the reason that the prostate is closely associated with the activities of other organs of the urogenital system of the male body.
Thus, the causative agent of the inflammatory process readily penetrates the body through the urethra, the rectum, the lymphatic or circulatory system of small pelvis. Prostatitis is a nasty disease, symptoms and treatment which does not need to pigeonhole.
Varieties of the disease
In modern medicine it is accepted to distinguish four major categories of prostatitis in men:
- chronic bacterial;
- chronic prostatitis;
- symptomatic chronic
Acute prostatitis is not common. It occurs due to the infection with bacterial infection, and takes quite seriously. Patients complain of acute pain, fever and fatigue. During the inspection of iron man is very painful, increased in size. The acute phase is fraught with serious complications, so the patient requires a rapid and skilled medical care.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis in most cases is called E. coli. Among his reasons for decrease in immunity, the presence in the body of the source of infection, surgery in the pelvic area. He proceeds more sluggish than acute prostatitis, though they have similar symptoms.
Chronic prostatitis often called chronic pelvic pain syndrome. A feature of this type is a long-term pain for over three months. The tests show the absence of pathogens. Asymptomatic type of disease occurs virtually without any symptoms and signs. Usually a person reveals the pathology during a regular checkup or when taking on histological examination of the tissue sample of the prostate.
Symptoms of prostatitis: the first signs
Timely diagnostics allows to detect the first symptoms of prostatitis, and greatly accelerates the healing process and helps to quickly get back to a healthy and fulfilling life.
It is therefore necessary to listen to your body and respond to the slightest pain and discomfort.
Typically, the first alarm bell for prostatitis are urinary problems. This is because the inflamed organ increases in size and starts to press on urethra.
A man can feel both pain and pain when urinating, and difficulty urinating. The frequency of visits to toilets increasing. These symptoms could join feeling a burning sensation in the perineum, discomfort during defecation. In addition to problems with urination, a characteristic feature of the prostate is a sexual disorder that manifests itself through various signs.
Man can disturb erectile dysfunction during the sexual act, but it is often observed long night erection. In addition, these patients are usually premature ejaculation, and pleasure during orgasm is much reduced.
Another common symptom of prostatitis is pain, but half of the patients, it is not. Aching pain may be constant, usually this type of pain is localized in the pelvic area. Also the feeling of pain sometimes when urinating, ejaculation during erection. Any pain of this sort — a sign that you should immediately see a specialist.
Diagnosis of prostatitis includes a number of activities that help one hundred percent to confirm or deny such a diagnosis, which in turn will help to cure the prostatitis quickly.
To start the inspection from the specialist. As a rule, it is urologist. Gathering data about the patient and carefully listening to all his complaints, the doctor gives a direction for further investigation. First, an ultrasound examination of the prostate.
Usually do traditionally, abdominal ultrasound, but in some cases, transrectal examination, when a sensor is introduced into the rectum or urethra.
For suspected inflammation of the prostate gland be sure to conduct a number of laboratory studies. This list includes common and biochemical blood analysis, common urine analysis, urine in three portions.
Also does the prostate secretion to detect it bacteria and elevated white blood cells, tested the quality of sperm. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe other additional analyses and research.
Treatment of prostatitis
If you are diagnosed with prostatitis, the treatment is usually quite long-term exercise that requires the use not only medication but also other methods.
The choice of drug for treatment of prostatitis depends on what type of the disease diagnosed in humans. So, in acute prostatitis mandatory prescribe broad-spectrum antibiotics. Similar appointments will be for those whose prostatitis are caused by bacteria different kinds of. Duration of antibiotic therapy will be different in each individual case, but it is always done under strict supervision of a doctor.
Almost any variety of inflammation of the prostate gland in the quality of drug therapy will be recommended anti-inflammatory drugs, spasmolytic and absorbable means. For the treatment of non-bacterial forms in recent years often use the so-called medicines alpha blockers. They contribute to a better flow of urine, relax the muscles of the pelvic organs, improve their blood circulation.
In the case of the prostate another effective treatment is the prostate massage. Some doctors advise to use this method only with chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, believing that otherwise it can facilitate the spread of infection in the human body. Others believe that massage, on the contrary, helps better absorption into the bloodstream of antibacterial drugs. Absolute contraindication for this method are prostatitis-acute. Prostate massage is performed in a special way in a hospital setting. It improves the outflow of secretion of the prostate, has beneficial effects on blood flow to the body, its muscle tone.
How to treat prostatitis? A good result in the treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland is the use of various physiotherapeutic procedures. In this case we are talking about ultra - and electro procedure, magnetic and laser therapy, etc. Surgical intervention when the disease is nowadays extremely rare.
What happens if not treated?
Neglecting treatment for prostatitis may lead to man serious problems. Most often complications of further spread of infection. Thus, the inflammation of the seminal vesicles — when the inflammation affects the seed tubercle. In addition, we can develop various diseases of the prostate.
In acute prostatitis, a high probability of abscess formation, then in most cases the prostate remains a scar. Also often diagnose stones and cysts of the prostate gland, which are a complication of the disease.
Long prostatitis affects sexual life of men, because it can cause many dysfunctions. Most often we are talking about erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation. All this leads to a decrease in libido and as a consequence psychological issues. In more severe cases, the disease may also lead to infertility.
Prevention of prostatitis
Prevention is, first and foremost, to regularly monitor their health and promptly identify problems. As the disease often appears as a result of untreated infections of the genitourinary system, then, first of all, you need to pay attention to this aspect. When any symptoms should see a doctor-urologist.
What to protect themselves from infection are also encouraged to use contraception, to restrict their sexually active relationships with one partner.
Prevention of prostatitis is very important is the correct mode of life. It has long been observed that most often the disease is concerned about those who have most of their time in a sitting position. Therefore, office workers and drivers first are at risk. Doctors often recommend walking to load the body to exercise. But sudden changes in temperature or for a long period of overheating and overcooling, are not desirable.
Moreover, you should pay attention to your diet. It should be as diverse as possible. It is impossible to prevent constipation, as in this case, compression of the prostate and in the body may worsen the blood flow.