In the treatment of chronic prostatitis, drugs and physiotherapy are combined. Apparatus for the treatment and prevention of complications of prostatitis tone up smooth muscles, normalize the activity of the prostate gland, and increase the rate of tissue regeneration. Not everyone has the opportunity to visit a physiotherapist several times a week. There are dozens of homemade prostatitis physical therapy devices available. Consider the devices that have received positive feedback from urologists and see if home appliances can replace physical therapy sessions.
Indications for the use of medical devices
- chronic prostatitis;
- granulomatous prostatitis;
- adhesions, constrictions of prostate tissue;
- erectile dysfunction;
- urinary disorders;
- venous congestion of the small pelvis;
- decreased libido;
- neurogenic disorders.
The acute stage of inflammation is a relative contraindication to the use of devices for the treatment of prostatitis due to the high risk of complications and the likelihood of infection spreading to nearby pelvic organs.
Hardware procedures are shown only in the area of the urogenital diaphragm located between the penis and the anus.
Contraindications to the use of devices
- severe stage of hemorrhoids;
- anal fissures;
- rectal prolapse;
- neoplasms (regardless of stage, process localization);
- pelvic abscesses;
- thrombus formation;
- acute surgical pathology.
Individual intolerance to invasive methods of apparatus exposure through the rectum leads to the use of external physical devices. The effect of such procedures is significantly lower than that of specialized invasive devices for the treatment of prostatitis.
Principles of Treatment
Hardware techniques include:
- vibroacoustics (micro-vibration massage);
- laser therapy (soft infrared laser treatment on prostate tissue);
- magnetotherapy (creating a magnetic field over the inflammation focus).
According to the site of application, all devices for the treatment of diseases of the prostate gland can be divided into transrectal and devices with a non-invasive effect through the tissues of the perineum.
Transrectal exposure quickly resolves unpleasant symptoms due to direct exposure to the posterior surface of the prostate through the intestinal wall. The use of such devices makes it possible to achieve stable remission in the absence of exacerbations for a long time.
Prostate massage is probably the most effective way to do this. Special attachments included in the set of transrectal devices allow massage of the prostate gland through the rectum. Such manipulations have a positive effect, as evidenced by numerous patient reviews, while:
- urination is restored;
- increased blood flow;
- soreness decreases;
- outflow of prostate secretion is stimulated;
- erectile function is improved
Non-invasive treatment through the perineal tissue is less effective, but can be applied independently at home without requiring specialized training.
There are several types of devices that affect the affected prostate. They can act through:
- laser beams of varying intensity;
- magnetic field;
- mechanical vibrations;
- electrical impulses through electrodes;
- heat rays;
- complex (combining acoustic impact and vibration).
The most common devices are those based on electrical stimulation. They generate impulses that quickly reach the affected prostate muscles. As a result, the muscles contract, which gives a positive result in 80% of cases.
Apparatus physiotherapy for prostate diseases is relevant for the intensive treatment of chronic prostatitis or benign hyperplasia.
Active stimulation of blood circulation in the prostate parenchyma reduces tissue edema, restores blood flow.
Devices for influencing the prostate gland have a positive effect on the production of enzymes, specific secretions of the prostate, necessary for its normal functioning. Inhibition of the growth of connective tissue against the background of improved blood flow and intracellular respiration allows using these devices not only for prostatitis, but also for prostate adenoma
Physiotherapy for prostatitis at home
Physiotherapy is a method of treatment in which the human body is influenced by various natural factors. It can be electric current, magnetic field, ultrasound, as well as various chemical elements. Physiotherapy is well tolerated by the human body, does not cause side effects, but at the same time has proven effectiveness.
Physiotherapy for prostatitis is performed during the period of remission of the disease. The acute stage of prostate inflammation, which is accompanied by pain and swelling of the gland, is a contraindication to physical activity. In this case, treatment procedures will not only be of no use, but can also harm, increasing the symptoms of the disease.
Physical therapy for chronic prostatitis includes the following methods:
- Laser therapy;
- Ultrasound treatment;
- Mud and mineral water treatment;
- Prostate massage.
- Remedial gymnastics.
Let's take a closer look at each method.
During galvanization, the current is direct and continuous. With electrical stimulation, treatment is carried out with a pulsed current. With Darsonvalization, a high voltage and low current, impulse and rapidly damping.
Each method is effective in its own way. Electrophoresis helps not only to improve blood circulation in the tissues of the organ, but also to introduce the drug inside. Thanks to the electric current, the drug penetrates better into the tissues of the prostate and recovery is much faster.
Electric shock therapy can be done in two ways. The simplest is to place the electrodes in the lower abdomen and perineum. But the method is considered more effective when the electrode is placed in the rectum. This effect is certainly not very pleasant for the patient, but the treatment has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
Electrophoresis for prostatitis is contraindicated in the following cases:
- For inflammation and injuries of the rectum for the intracavitary technique.
- During an exacerbation of chronic prostatitis.
- In case of intolerance to electrocution.
Electrical stimulation treatment is usually performed for 10-14 days on an outpatient basis. The duration of the procedure is no more than 15 minutes. Before carrying out electrophoresis with the medicine, it is advisable to massage the prostate, in which case the absorption of the drug will be better.
Magnetotherapy is a method of treatment in which the body is exposed to magnetic fields of various frequencies. A variation of this method is microwave therapy, in which treatment is carried out with an electromagnetic field.
Magnet is prescribed for acute prostatitis after the relief of the main inflammation and for the chronic form of the disease. The method has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, promotes rapid regeneration of prostate tissues, improves organ nutrition.
Magnetotherapy promotes vasodilation, eliminates their spasm, thereby restoring blood circulation in the small pelvis. Thanks to this effect, antibiotics are better accumulated in the organ, and recovery occurs noticeably faster.
A contraindication to magnetotherapy is a tumor in the small pelvis, acute inflammation of the prostate, accompanied by pain and edema, and intolerance to the magnetic field.
Magnetic Physiotherapy can be done in several ways:
- The simplest method - electrodes are placed over the projection of the organ and turn on the device for 15 minutes. The method does not cause pain and is easily tolerated by patients.
- The second method involves inserting a catheter into the urethra, or a special electrode into the rectum. Such treatment is accompanied by unpleasant sensations, but it is more effective, the improvement occurs after the first procedure.
- There is also acupuncture magnetotherapy. In this case, the doctor applies electrodes to special biological points. This method is not recognized by official medicine, but many people note its effectiveness.
Separately, it should be noted such a method of physiotherapy as the use of various magnetic jewelry. The effectiveness of this method has not been proven, so you should not replace the procedure prescribed by your doctor with wearing jewelry with magnets.
Laser therapy is a method of physical therapy in which a laser beam of light is applied to the affected organ. The laser beam heats the prostate tissue with the following beneficial effects:
- Stimulates blood circulation and improves metabolism in prostate cells.
- Relieves inflammation and pain.
- Helps to strengthen local immunity, immune cells more easily penetrate the organ and begin to actively suppress pathogenic microorganisms.
- Promotes the rapid recovery of the affected area of the prostate.
- It is an excellent method of preventing congestion in the prostate, improves the outflow of prostatic fluid.
Laser therapy is not performed in acute bacterial prostatitis, in the presence of neoplasms in the organ, in urogenital infections.
Laser physiotherapy lasts no more than 20 minutes, usually up to 14 sessions are prescribed. Treatment is carried out through the tissue of the perineum or through the anus.
Ultrasound treatment involves the impact on the inflammation focus with high-frequency vibrations. A variation of the method is phonophoresis, when the effects of ultrasound and the use of drugs are combined. Ultrasound improves the conductivity of the drug and the effect of treatment is faster.
For the treatment of prostatitis, the doctor places the attachment of the device in the pelvic area and on the lower back, usually the minimum dose of ultrasound is used. Only 10-12 procedures are prescribed, the duration of treatment is more than 10 minutes.
Phonophoresis in prostatitis has the following positive effects:
- relieves pain;
- improves microcirculation;
- relieves inflammation;
- improves nerve conduction and improves potency.
Mud and mineral water treatment implies the effect of therapeutic mud and mineral waters on the inflamed prostate. Treatment is usually carried out in special sanatoriums, where natural conditions allow obtaining the necessary material for therapy.
Treatment is carried out in several ways. First of all, general health baths with therapeutic mud and mineral waters are used. Local effects are also shown. Rectal suppositories made from natural ingredients and microclysters are used. Ultraphonophoresis and electrophoresis with mud and salt solutions are also carried out.
The positive effect of balneotherapy and mud therapy will appear after a few days of active therapy. There is a general improvement in health, increased efficiency, aching pains disappear. Thanks to this method of physiotherapy, nutrition and restoration of the prostate are improved, and the risk of recurrence of chronic prostatitis is reduced.
Which method of physiotherapy a patient needs is usually decided by the doctor. It all depends on the neglect of the condition, the presence of certain symptoms that need to be eliminated. But in any case, the hardware treatment of chronic prostatitis is always accompanied by a prostate massage and physical therapy.
These methods are required and most effective. Physical impact on the prostate itself and the tissues surrounding it can improve blood circulation and prevent stagnant processes in the gland.
Prostate massage involves stimulating an organ through the rectum with a finger. The procedure is carried out by proctologists, but if desired, massage can also be performed at home, in which case the patient's partner, relative or close friend conducts the treatment. You should not try to massage the prostate on your own, such treatment will not be effective enough, since the patient will not be able to relax and fully control his actions.
The procedure takes only a few minutes and does not cause much discomfort. The patient lies on his side, tucking his knees to his stomach, or stands in a knee-elbow position. It is very important to completely relax and trust the person who will be giving the massage. If the patient is tense, the procedure will be painful.
Physical therapy for prostatitis involves daily exercise for the whole body, with an emphasis on the muscles of the pelvis, abdominals and buttocks. Exercises for the pelvic floor muscles are also very useful and effective. With this kind of gymnastics, the man must strain the muscles of the perineum, as if he is trying to stop urination. You can practice in the toilet, trying to stop the flow of urine several times.
Exercise helps to make muscles more elastic and strong, thereby eliminating urinary incontinence. For correct execution, the pelvic floor muscles are strained and held in this state for 5-10 seconds, preferably as long as possible. Perform no more than 10 repetitions. The goal is to increase the duration of the tension to a minute, the number of repetitions does not increase.
Physiotherapy in the treatment of prostatitis, which is prescribed by a doctor, is carried out in a polyclinic. The hospital usually has a physiotherapy department or a special room that has a number of devices. As a rule, it is a magnet, laser, UHF preparation, etc.
Prostatitis is an unpleasant, chronic disease. Illness likes to come back periodically and cause pain.
To reduce the number of regular visits to the hospital, a variety of devices have been developed that can be used at home.
Of course, this does not eliminate the need to consult a qualified doctor.
Medical devices for the treatment of prostatitis will be a good addition to the main treatment (suppositories and pills), but the advisability of completely abandoning traditional methods can only be determined by a doctor.
These devices are also well suited for preventive purposes. The disadvantage of this method is its low efficiency in advanced disease. Severe prostatitis can only be treated with serious clinical equipment.
Medical devices against prostatitis differ in price, physical principles of exposure, contraindications, procedure for the procedure.
A device for treating prostatitis at home can have a therapeutic effect with:
- laser radiation;
- electrical stimulation;
- magnetic field;
- vacuum action.
The most popular are devices for prostatitis based on electric current. In terms of prevalence, they are not inferior to vibration stimulation.